Education System of Canada


Education in Canada is provided, funded & overseen by provincial and local government.

Trivia …!!!

  • Canada only country in OECD not to have national education department
  • Education constitutionally provincial responsibility and rigorously guarded
  • Much of provincial policy interest stimulated by need for skilled workers/PR

Types of Canadian Institutions :

  • K-12- Schools
  • Universities
  • University Colleges
  • Community Colleges
  • Career College
  • Language schools

Definition of Degrees

  • Undergraduate
    Undergraduate programs leading to a bachelor’s degree generally require three or four years of full-time study, depending on the province.
  • Master’s or Graduate Studies or Post Graduate Diploma
    Master’s degrees generally require at least 2 years of full-time studies including a thesis (a long essay based on original research), practicum or research paper.
  • Doctoral, or PhD
    Doctoral programs require a minimum of 2-5 years of full-time study.

Universities :

  • Semester 2 or 3
  • Small, medium, large institutions
  • 3-and 4-year degrees, Master’s, PhDs, Professional
  • Research intensive
  • Fixed Admission requirements
  • One to Two intakes primarily-Sept/Jan
  • Over 90 Universities in Canada
    • University of Toronto, University of Western Ontario, Memorial University, Dalhousie University, University of Alberta etc

University Colleges :

  • Offers University degrees as well as college diplomas and certificate programs.
  • They may also offer combined degree diploma programs and university transfer programs.
  • Their strong student support services, small classes and strong campus environment distinguish University Colleges. Examples –
    • Algoma University College, Huron University College, Kings University College
    • Ex – Malaspina University College, Kwantlen University College, University College of Cape Breton etc
  • Research intensive

Community Colleges :

  • Diploma Certificate, Applied Degree programs, university transfer
  • College, Institute of Technology, Cégep
  • 135 across Canada
  • Very engaged internationally
  • Programs industry driven, hands on
  • Since they prepare a student to be job ready many Indian students are attracted to applying to Community Colleges in Canada.
  • Centennial, Humber, Seneca, Niagara, Cambrian, Sheridan, George Brown, SAIT, Langara, Douglas, Red River, New Brunswick Community College, College of North Atlantic etc.

Career Colleges :

  • Short-term, specialized training
  • Focus on popular subject areas
  • Almost all are private
  • Business, Technology, Service Industries, Arts
  • Across Canada

Vancouver Film School, Art & Design Institute, Le Cordon Bleu, RCIT, Alexander College, Columbia College, Niagara on the Lake Culinary School etc

Cooperative Education :

  • Earn While You Learn
    • Co-op students are allowed work for the designated terms
  • Institutions help you obtain employment authorization to work
  • International Students are allowed to take up off campus jobs of upto 20hrs/week

Work in Canada as a Student:

  • Work on-campus or off-campus to a maximum of 20 hours per week
  • Work full time during study breaks
  • Post Graduate Work allows you to get Canadian work experience